Glasnost


Glasnost
   Glasnost was the policy of introducing and maximizing openness, transparency, and publicity of government, military, and media institutions in the Soviet Union. It was introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev as part of his philosophy of the country’s modernization known as perestroika, which also included such concepts as uskoreniie> (acceleration) and informatization. Glasnost occurred as a result of relaxation of censorship and came to be viewed as a stride toward liberalization of the regime. The events that caused the change of course were the Chernobyl disaster and the SovietAfghan War, which collectively demonstrated the Soviet government’s callous disregard toward and disconnection from the will and needs of its people. One of the main political objectives of glasnost was to lessen the power of the apparatchiks; however, the effects of glasnost were uncontrollable as it effectively changed the course of history in the Eastern Bloc.
   The new glasnost environment provided Soviet citizens with greater freedom of access to information and greater freedom of speech. Glasnost was the first step in the process of democratization of the Soviet Union. At the outset, glasnost facilitated the processes of uncovering the truth about the Soviet past, especially about Stalinera crimes. It was an ideological doctrine that was quickly accepted by the Soviet media and which eventually enabled criticism of the Soviet regime itself. Initially perceived with skepticism by the general public, glasnost quickly became a means of influencing local governments and the nomenklatura>. Over time, increasing political openness caused decentralization of power in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), with the union republics taking the lead in multicandidate local and national elections. The rise of nationalism in Soviet republics stirred social and ethnic tensions, leading to ethnic violence in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The term “glasnost” may also be used to refer to the historic period of the late 1980s in the USSR when the principles of openness and transparency were introduced.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Glasnost — (russisch гласность anhören?/i „Offenheit, Redefreiheit, Informationsfreiheit“) bezeichnet als Schlagwort die nach seinem Amtsantritt (März 1985) von Generalsekretär Michail Gorbatschow in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • glasnost — [ glasnɔst ] n. f. • 1986; mot russe, de glasny « rendu public », du vieux slave glas « voix » et suff. (n)ost ♦ Hist. En Union soviétique, Politique de transparence et de divulgation de l information, menée dans le cadre de la perestroïka. ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glasnost —    Glasnost (openness, transparency) was an effort by Communist Party General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to use information about Soviet history, as well as current political, social, and economic conditions, to modernize the Soviet Union and… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • glasnost — 1972 (in reference to a letter of 1969 by Solzhenitsyn), from Rus. glasnost openness to public scrutiny, lit. publicity, fact of being public, ultimately from O.C.S. glasu voice (see CALL (Cf. call)). First used in a socio political sense by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Glasnost — åbenhed (russisk). Lanceret i 1987 af Michail Gorbatjov som det ene af de begreber, der skulle forandre Sovjetunionen. Det andet begreb var perestrojka. Formålet med glasnost var at skabe ytringsfrihed inden for partiets rammer, fordi en øget de …   Danske encyklopædi

  • glasnost — GLÁSNOST s.n. Transparenţă a vieţii politice, cu implicaţii în schimbările de orientare în ultima perioadă a fostei URSS. (din rus. glastnost = publicitate < glasnîi = public < glas = voce < slavona veche ecleziastică glasu ) [et. MW]… …   Dicționar Român

  • glasnost — ► NOUN ▪ (in the former Soviet Union) the policy or practice of more open government. ORIGIN Russian glasnost the fact of being public, openness …   English terms dictionary

  • glasnost — [gläs′nôst, gläs′nōst] n. [Russ glasnost , opportunity to be heard] the Soviet policy of the 1980s of publicly acknowledging the nation s social and economic problems and of allowing open discussion of them …   English World dictionary

  • glasnost — s. f. [História] Hist. Na U.R.S.S., política de transparência da vida pública acompanhando a mudança de orientação (perestroika) conduzida por Mikhail Gorbatchev.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra russa que significa publicidade …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Glasnost — ( ru. Гласность, IPA ru|ˈglasnəsʲtʲ)is literally defined as publicity and sometimes figuratively interpreted as tipping a vase to let someone see into the vase, but not the bottom of the vase .Fact|date=September 2008Glasnost is the policy of… …   Wikipedia